Osteoarthritis of the Knee

While age is a major risk factor for osteoarthritis of the knee, young people can get it, too. Osteoarthritis of the knee can result from injury or infection or even from being overweight. Commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, this is a condition in which the natural cushioning between joints — cartilage — wears away. When this happens, the bones of the joints rub more closely against one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage. The rubbing results in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased the ability to move and, sometimes, the formation of bone spurs.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee include, pain increasing when active, swelling, feeling warmth in joints, decrease in mobility of the knee, a creaky, cracking sound when the knee moves.

Treatment options for osteoarthritis of the knee include physical therapy and exercise, activity modification, and periodic rest.